About & contact

 About & contact

S.A.M. The Symbiotic Autonomous Machine




Read the thesis (pdf)

Listen to the podcast

In the press

Melkweg Award

Photo credits: Femke Rijerman DAE / Mediamatic Anisa Xhomaqi

As machines gain more autonomy and importance in human life, they are still given no agency in our society. Could a legalisation of their status create a shift towards a more collaborative relationship with humans? S.A.M. 1, 2 & 3 are a Symbiotic Autonomous Machines challenging those ideas. It employs water kefir grains or kombucha to produce a beverage, acting as small scale automated food production systems.

This hybrid entity is both technological and organic, intelligently managing recipes, prices, maintenance, service and labour, using humans only when necessary. Notions of profit, or even greed, are superfluous and S.A.M. produces at cost, reimburses debt and pays bills as a single economic entity with yet no legal status. A legal framework, “The Autonomous Actors Rights”, is proposed along with S.A.M. to define realistically the role of these types of hybrid tech into society. This proposition is meant to inspire new economical and legal systems based on trustworthy relationships between humans and machines.


S.A.M. is searching for a museum, restaurant, gallery, etc. to host his business, contact S.A.M.

© 2015-2019 Arvid Jense and Marie Caye